Sperm sex-sorting in the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus).
How to sex African elephants
All idxstats files for modern and ancient elephant genomes, and all Rx ratio result files for the 10 and read subsampled files are available from GSA Journals figshare portal. Sex identification of ancient animal biological remains can benefit our understanding of historical population structure, demography and social behavior. Traditional methods for sex identification e. Here we adapt a method developed for human sex determination so that it can be used to identify the sex of ancient and modern animal taxa. We tested the accuracy of this method using low coverage genomes from 15 modern elephants Loxodonta africana for which sex was known.
Identifying elephants isn't difficult, but it requires using powers of observation and it takes a bit of practice. There are many different characteristics that you can use to identify an elephant: sex; body size; shape; length and configuration of the tusks; size and shape of the ears; ear venation patterns; notches, tears, holes in the ears. ElephantVoices has developed eight educational modules explaining how to read and understand these characteristics, also used in the Mara Elephants Who's Who database. You should start by determining whether the elephant you are trying to identify is male or female. By clicking on the screenshot to the right, or on one of the links to photos below, you will start a slideshow - the caption shown is equal to respective text on this page.
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